From the famous Mercury Seven astronauts to the spacemen and women on the ISS, what these pioneers wear is absolutely critical when it comes to coping with life at Zero-G.
Much of the technology that Nasa develops for space flight eventually makes it into the products that we all use here on Earth, but what about wearables in space? We‚Äôve pulled together some of the space-aged kit that astronauts wear in space and a few things they might wear in future‚Ä¶
While the first watch to make it into space was a Sturmanskie, worn by cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, the official watch of the Apollo moon landings was the Omega Speedmaster. But it was the Timex Datalink that was arguably the first smartwatch in space as it was also the very first watch capable of downloading information from a computer.
Made in conjunction with Microsoft, the watch has been approved by Nasa for space travel and has been worn by many astronauts since, but the Speedmaster remains the only watch certified for spacewalks.
Wearable health monitors have been a big part of human spaceflight from the start, with all of the Mercury, Gemini and Apollo astronauts wearing biosensors ranging from a belt-like harness to a full biosuit comprising heart rate, body temperature and blood pressure monitors.
Nasa recently tested out Google Glass and Bluetooth heart rate monitors during simulated space walks on its Neemo (Nasa Extreme Environment Mission Operations) underwater facility for potential use on the ISS in future.
Action cam specialist GoPro was named ‚Äėofficial on-board camera of Nasa‚Äô in 2011. Used by astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS), and famously by Felix Baumgartner in his epic space jump, the brand‚Äôs Hero 3 is compatible with a huge selection of mounts, ideal for keeping the action steady in zero gravity.
This spectacular selfie was above was snapped outside the ISS by Japanese astronaut Akihiko Hoshide.
A wrist-mounted mirror may sound preposterously lo-fi, but sometimes the most simple ideas are the most effective. When outside of the ISS, astronauts wear a mirror on the sleeve of their spacesuits in order to see readings on their chest-mounted control unit.
The markings are all written backwards so that their reflection is readable. They also wear a simple checklist cuff with a list of tasks that need carrying out on each spacewalk.
Winner of the Best Mission Concept award in Nasa‚Äôs International Space apps challenge, this internet-connected spacesuit has been designed to be worn by astronauts working on the ISS, in particular, British astro Tim Peake.
Designed for comfort and practicality, the suit uses 3D printed elements and includes social networking integration to make it even easier to tweet from space plus a vision board on the sleeve that displays live weather updates from Earth to make the wearer feel at home. There‚Äôs also a 3D printer in the pocket, and the suit is hand-sewn using conductive thread that carries power and data to the embedded devices.
Awarded the People‚Äôs Choice award in the same competition, the simply named Space Helmet from Space Apps Valencia is an update to the existing piece of astronaut kit and includes a smartphone screen integrated into the helmet to display vital stats such as oxygen levels and heart rate.
A virtual reality glove can be used to point to any star and receive more information about it on the screen while a 360-degree camera will record what‚Äôs going on. The idea is that this footage could then be viewed on Oculus Rift for an immersive space-flavoured experience.
3D printed Pip-Boy 3000
Another entry in Nasa‚Äôs space wearable competition, this 3D-printed wearable is based on the Pip-Boy 3000 from video game Fallout 3 (and Fallout: New Vegas). The wrist-mounted device is designed to work with an iPhone over Bluetooth to display critical environmental readings such as atmospheric pressure, temperature and radiation.
The unit includes a built-in Geiger counter and was designed to hold a heart rate monitor but the team ran out of time to include the latter. Hopefully Nasa would have a bit more time if it ever chose to make something similar.
X1 Robotic Exoskeleton
It might not grant the wearer Ironman-like powers but Nasa hopes that the X1 Robotic Exoskeleton will one day keep astronauts healthier and even assist paraplegics with walking here on Earth. Sporting four powered joints as the hips and knees, plus several passive joints for extra flexibility, the device is worn over the legs with a harness that reaches up the back and over the shoulders.
It can be used in ‚Äėinhibit‚Äômode for exercise, or the opposite to give the astronaut a boost on tricky terrain.